Apollos Rivoire (Paul Revere Sr.)

b. 20 Nov 1702 - Riaucaud, France d. 22 Jul 1754 - Boston, MA

(Married on 19 Jun 1729 to:)

Deborah Hitchbourn

b. 25 Jan 1704 - Boston, MA d. 23 May 1777 - Boston MA



Their Family:

01. REVERE, Deborah (b. 21 Feb 1730 - Boston, MA d. Aft 1763)

02. REVERE, Paul (b. 22 Dec 1734 - Boston, MA d. 10 MMay 1818 - Boston, MA)
      Married on 4 Aug 1757 to:
02. ORNE, Sara

03. REVERE, Frances (b. 11 Jul 1736 - Boston, MA d. Bef. Mar 1763)

04. REVERE, Thomas Hitchbourn (b. 10 Jan 1738//39 d. Abt Oct 1779)

05. REVERE, John (b. 2 Oct 1741 - Boston, MA d. 8 Jul 1808)

06. REVERE, Mary (b. 10 Jul 1743 - d. 8 Jul 1808)

07. REVERE, Elizabeth (b. 19 Jan 1744/45)

Notes:


RIVOIRE, Apollos:
1. Arrived in Boston about 1715, by way of Guernsey Island in the English Channel. Had changed his name to Paul Rivoire by 1722 when Coney died. In 1723 he revisited Guernsey, but returned to Boston. He was a member of the New Brick Church (nicknamed "The Cockerel").
2. Apprenticed about 1720 to John Coney in Boston MA. His master died in 1722 and the inventory of his estate notes "Paul Rivoire's Time abt Three Year & half as pr indenture £30/0/0." Rivoire bought his freedom from the estate.
3. Caudle cup; c. 1720, Boston Museum Fine Arts

More About APOLLOS RIVIORE: Baptism: 1702, at Riancaud, France
Education: 1715, Sent by his uncle to apprentice with John Coney
Emigration: November 15, 1715, Boston, MA
Occupation: goldsmith
Religion: Huguenot

REVERE, Paul:
When and where was Paul Revere born? Paul Revere's actual date of birth is not known. What is known is his baptismal date, which was December 22, 1734, according to the records of the "New Brick" Congregational Church in Boston. This date is in the "Old Style" uncorrected calendar in use in the British Empire until 1752. When translated into the "New Style" or modern calendar, this date becomes January 1, 1735, the date often quoted as Revere's birth date. Since it is unlikely that Revere was baptized the day he was born, his actual birth date must have been a few days earlier, some time late in December 1734.

Paul Revere's place of birth is also unknown. At the time Revere was born, his family was living in rented quarters in Boston's North End. In 1730, Paul Revere's father, also named Paul Revere (born Apollos Rivoire in France in 1702), moved his home and shop from Dock Square, near the center of Boston, into the North End, "over against Colonel Hutchinson," as recorded in a newspaper advertisement. At that time Colonel Hutchinson lived in a house on the south side of North (today's Hanover) Street near the New North (now St. Stephen's) Church. The Reveres probably lived quite near this dwelling, perhaps on the opposite side of the street, on or near the corner of present-day Tileston and Hanover Streets.

Longfellow's poem “Paul Revere's Ride”, written in 1860 and published in 1861 in the Atlantic Monthly, transformed Paul Revere from a relatively obscure, although locally known, figure in American history into a national folk hero. As a result, most people know him only for his famous ride to Lexington on the night of April 18 - 19, 1775. Revere's life, however, was a long and productive one, involving industry, politics, and community service.

Born in Boston's North End in December, 1734, Paul Revere was the son of Apollos Rivoire, a French Huguenot (Protestant) immigrant, and Deborah Hichborn, daughter of a local artisan family. Paul Rivoire, who changed his name to Paul Revere some time after arriving in the colony, was a goldsmith and eventually the head of a large household. Paul Revere was the second of at least 9, possibly as many as 12, children and the eldest surviving son.

Paul was educated at the North Writing School and learned the art of gold and silversmithing from his father. When Paul was nineteen (and nearly finished with his apprenticeship) his father died, leaving Paul as the family's main source of income. Two years later, in 1756, Revere volunteered to fight the French at Lake George, New York, where he was commissioned as a second lieutenant in the colonial artillery. In August, 1757, Revere married Sarah Orne and they had eight children. Soon after Sarah's death in 1773, Revere married Rachel Walker with whom he had eight children. His silvershop was the cornerstone of his professional life for more than 40 years and, as the master of his silversmith shop, Revere was responsible for both the workmanship and the quality of the metal alloy used. He employed numerous apprentices and journeymen, and his work, highly praised during his lifetime, is regarded as one of the outstanding achievements in American decorative arts.

Revere also supplemented his income with other work. During the economic depression before the Revolution, Revere began his work as a copperplate engraver. He produced illustrations for books and magazines, business cards, political cartoons, bookplates, a song book and bills of fare for taverns. He also advertised as a dentist from 1768 to 1775. He not only cleaned teeth, but also wired in false teeth carved from walrus ivory or animal teeth. Contrary to popular myth, he did not make George Washington's false teeth. Fabricating a full set of dentures was beyond his ability.

Revere's political involvement arose through his connections with members of local organizations and business patrons. As a member of the Masonic Lodge of St. Andrew, he was friendly with activists like James Otis and Dr. Joseph Warren. In the year before the Revolution, Revere gathered intelligence information by "watching the movements of British soldiers," as he wrote in an account of his ride. He was a courier for the Boston Committee of Correspondence and the Massachusetts Committee of Safety, riding express to the Continental Congress in Philadelphia. He also spread the word of the Boston Tea Party to New York and Philadelphia. At 10 pm on the night of April 18, 1775, Revere received instructions from Dr. Joseph Warren to ride to Lexington to warn John Hancock and Samuel Adams that British troops were marching to arrest them. After being rowed across the Charles River to Charlestown by two associates, Paul Revere borrowed a horse from his friend Deacon John Larkin. While in Charlestown, he verified the fact that the local "Sons of Liberty" committee had seen his pre-arranged signals. (Two lanterns had been hung briefly in the bell-tower of Christ Church in Boston, indicating that troops would row "by sea" across the Charles River to Cambridge, rather than marching "by land" out Boston Neck. Revere had arranged for these signals the previous weekend, as he was afraid that he might be prevented from leaving Boston).

On the way to Lexington, Revere "alarmed" the country-side, stopping at each house, and arrived in Lexington about midnight. As he approached the house where Adams and Hancock were staying, a sentry asked that he not make so much noise. "Noise!" cried Revere, "You'll have noise enough before long. The regulars are coming out!"

After delivering his message, Revere was joined by a second rider, William Dawes, who had been sent on the same errand by a different route. Deciding on their own to continue on to Concord, Massachusetts, where weapons and supplies were hidden, Revere and Dawes were joined by a third rider, Dr. Samuel Prescott. Soon after, all three were arrested by a British patrol. Prescott escaped almost immediately, and Dawes soon after. Revere was held for some time and then released. Left without a horse, Revere returned to Lexington in time to witness part of the battle on the Lexington Green.

The war erupted and Revere went on to serve as Lieutenant Colonel in the Massachusetts State Train of Artillery, and commander of Castle Island in Boston Harbor. Revere and his troops saw little action at this post, but they did participate in minor expeditions to Newport, Rhode Island and Worcester, Mass.


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