Mayflower Passengers

(Ancestors of the Limbacher Clan)

Francis Cooke, James Chilton and wife, and Mary Chilton

Decendency Chart

10-G-Grandparents Francis Cooke / Hester Mahieu James Chilton / Susanna
09-G-Grandparents Experience Mitchell / Jane Cooke John Wynslow / Mary Chilton
08-G Grandparents John Washburn / Elizabeth Mitchell Robert Latham / Susanna Winslow
07-G-Grandparents Joseph Washburn / Hannah Latham  
06-G-Grandparents Ephraim Washburn / Mary Polden  
05-G-Grandparents Japheth Washburn / Priscilla Coombs  
04-G-Grandparents Nathaniel Dexter / Chloe Washburn  
03-G-Grandparents Nathaniel Dexter / Hannah Rowe  
02-G-Grandparents Loren Dexter / Emma Jackson  
Great Grandparents William Dexter / Bridget Conn  
Grandparents Fenton Straw / Clara Dexter  
Parents Harold Limbacher / Gwendolyn Straw  

Francis Cooke

Biographical Summary of Francis Cooke

Francis Cooke was born about 1583. His origins have not been discovered, but it is probable he was born in England, perhaps from the Canterbury or Norwich areas. He married Hester le Mahieu on 20 July 1603 in Leiden, Holland; she was a French Walloon whose parents had initially fled to Canterbury, England; she left for Leiden sometime before 1603. Francis Cooke and Hester le Mahieu's marriage occurred in Leiden, Holland six years before the Pilgrim church made its move there, so he was living there long before their arrival and must have met up with and joined them afterwards. His wife Hester was a French Walloon. What brought Francis to Holland in the first place is unknown: religious persecution of Protestants in England did not really begin until after King James took power in 1604. In 1606, the Cookes left Leiden and went to Norwich, Norfolk for a time (for what reason is not known), but returned to have their first son, John, baptized at the French church in Leiden, sometime between January and March, 1607. In Holland, Cooke took up the profession of a woolcomber.

Francis, and his oldest son John, came on the Mayflower to Plymouth in 1620. He left behind his wife Hester and his other children Jane, Jacob, Elizabeth and Hester. After the Colony was founded and better established, he sent for his wife and children, and they came to Plymouth in 1623 on the ship Anne.
Francis lived out his life in Plymouth. Although he kept a fairly low profile, he was on a number of minor committees such as the committee to lay out the highways, and received some minor appointments by the Court to survey or lay out land. He was a juror on a number of occasions, and was on the coroner's jury that examined the body of Martha Bishop, the 4-year old daughter who was murdered by her mother Alice. He received some modest land grants at various times throughout his life. He lived to be about 80 years old, dying in 1663; his wife Hester survived him by at least three years and perhaps longer.
The last Will and Testament of ffrancis Cooke of Plymouth late Deceased: exhibited before the Court held att Plymouth aforsaid the fift day of June 1663 on the oathes of mr John Aldin and mr John howland;
The Last Will and Testament of ffrancis Cooke made this seaventh of the tenth month 1659 I being att prsent weake and Infeirme in body yett in prfect memory throw mercy Doe comitt my soule unto god that gave it and my body to the earthe; which my will is should bee Intered in a Decent and comly manner; As for such goods and lands as I stand posessed of I Doe will and bequeath as followeth;
1 My will is that hester my Dear and loveing wife shall have all my moveable goods and all my Cattle of all kinds; viz: neat Cattle horsekind sheep and swine to be att her Dispose
2 my will is that hester my wife shall have and Injoy my lands both upland and meddow lands which att prsent I posesse During her life
3 I Doe ordaine and appoint my Deare wife and my son John Cooke Joynt exequitors of this my said will
John Aldin
ffrancis Cooke
John howland

Title: Francis Cooke of the Mayflower, The First Five Generations
Abbrev: Cooke Silver Book
Author: Compiler: Ralph V. Wood, Jr.
Publication: Rockport, ME: Picton Press, December 1999
Page: p. 26

Title: Francis Cooke of the Mayflower, The First Five Generations
Abbrev: Cooke Silver Book
Author: Compiler: Ralph V. Wood, Jr.
Publication: Rockport, ME: Picton Press, December 1999
Page: p. 29
Title: Francis Cooke of the Mayflower, The First Five Generations
Abbrev: Cooke Silver Book
Author: Compiler: Ralph V. Wood, Jr.
Publication: Rockport, ME: Picton Press, December 1999
Page: p. 9

Title: Francis Cooke of the Mayflower, The First Five Generations
Abbrev: Cooke Silver Book
Author: Compiler: Ralph V. Wood, Jr.
Publication: Rockport, ME: Picton Press, December 1999
Page: p. 10

Francis COOKE Mayflower emigrated in 1620 from Plymouth Colony, MA. He died on 7 Apr 1663 in Plymouth, MA. His will is made 7/10/1659. He makes his wife Hester and son John executors. It is witnessed by Howland and Alden. Inventory was taken 1663 by Eph. Tuckham and Wm Crowe. He was born prob after 1582 in Probably England. As a Mayflower ancestor, Francis Cooke is documented rather thoroughly in numerous volumes; thus, we leave it to those studies for in-depth information. The recent volume "Mayflower Families Through Five Generations, Vol 12, Francis Cooke, Ralph V. Wood, et all, Picton Press, 1996, is probably the most comprehensive abstract to date on this Mayflower Family. This line is principally interested in the Experience Mitchell, Jane Cooke descendancy through Elizabeth Mitchell and John Washburn.

Additional Mayflower Sources:
Susan E. Rosser. Mayflower Births & Deaths, Vol I, II. Genealogical Publishing Company, Baltimore, MD, 1992. P. 316, p.338: Bridgewater VR, MD 15:168.

Ralph V. Wood, jr. Mayflower Families Through Five Generations: Francis Cooke of the Mayflower. Volume 12. Picton Press, Camden, Maine, 1996. p. 4.
Ibid. p. 1.

George Ernest Bowman. The Mayflower Descendant, 3:195, 1901. The Mayflower Descendant, 3:195, 1901.

Mayflower Descendant III: 103, (1901). Mayflower Descendant 3:103, (1901).

George Ernest Bowman. Boston, Published By The Massachusetts Society of Mayflower Descendants,. P.49: The author again indicates that he was born after August, 1583, as indicated in Vol 3 [p.95].

Ralph V. Wood, jr. Mayflower Families Through Five Generations: Francis Cooke of the Mayflower. Volume 12. Picton Press, Camden, Maine, 1996. p. 1.

James Chilton

One of Our 10-Great Grandfathers

Event 1: 1583, Freeman of Canterbury
Event 2: 1609, James wife was excommunicated from St. Peter's Church, Canterbury, England
Event 3: 1610, Moved to Leyden, Holland to escape religious prosecution
Fact 4: 1620, James and daughter were passengers on Mayflower
Fact 5: 1620, Died shortly after signing the Mayflower Compact

Occupation: Tailor by trade.
Residence: England, Holland.
Ethnicity/Religion: Separatist.

Comment 1: December 18, 1620, James died in route to Plymouth, at Cape Cod Harbor
Comment 2: 1620, Oldest Mayflower passenger, and one of the first to die
Comment 3: April 28, 1619, James was caught in a riot, and hit on head with rock
Comment 4: April 28, 1619, Injury from riot required the services of Jacob Hey a surgeon in Leyden, Holland

Mary Chilton

One of Our 9-Great Grandmothers

Event 1: May 31, 1607, Christened, St. Peter's, Sandwich, Kent, England
Event 2: 1620, First female to touch foot on Plymouth Rock, Plymouth, Massachusetts
Event 3: 1620-1621, Orphaned at age 13 in Plymouth
Fact 4: Aft. 1621, Sheltered with Miles Standish & John Alden
Fact 5: 1650, Moved to Boston with husband & family

Occupation: Homemaker
Residence: England, Holland, Massachusetts
Ethnicity/ Religion: Separatist

Mary had 9 children - The Mayflower Descentdants Vol. 1, page 14

Comment 1: July 31, 1676, Will was dated, Valued at L212 11s. 9d

(MF5G Chilton, More & Rogers II) Mary Chilton was the daughter of JAMES, prob. of Canterbury. James died in the Cape Cod Harbor, and his wife d. in Plymouth shortly after. Mary's sister Isabella who married Roger Chandler, and who came over later, is the only of his other children known to have come to the colony. Mary died at Boston, shortly before 11 May, 1679. She married, at Plymouth, between July, 1623, and 1 June, 1627, John Winslow, who was bp. at Droitwich, Worcestershire, England, 18 April, 1597, came on the Fortune, and died at Boston, between 12 March and 21 May, 1673/4. They removed to Boston before 1660. Mary and John had ten children, and their last child was born at Plymouth in 1653. A few years later they removed to Boston. (MD 27:1:4) On the 16th of July, 1671, John and Mary (Chilton) Winslow transferred their church membership from Plymouth to the Third Church, now the Old South Church in Boston, and we find by the Suffolk County Deeds that two months later, on the 19th of September, 1671, John Winslow bought, for the sum of £500 in New England silver money, "the Mansion or dwelling-house of the Late Antipas Boice with the gardens wood-yard and Backside as it is scituate lying and being in Boston aforesaid as it is nowe fenced in And is fronting & Facing to the Lane going to mr John Jolliffes". Here John and Mary Winslow continued to reside until the death of John Winslow in 1673/4, and here died Mary (Chilton) Winslow five years later. Literally Transcribed By George Ernest Bowman [MD 1.2.65+] "The original will of Mary (Chilton) Winslow is still preserved in the files of the Suffolk County Registry of Probate, at Boston, together with the bond of the administrators, signed by her son John Winslow and son-in-law Richard Middlecott. They were recorded in Vol. VI, pages 302 and 301, of the Probate Records. The will was written on one side of a sheet of paper a little over eighteen by fourteen inches in size, and, as will be seen by the reproduction, is in excellent condition, except in some of the creases made by folding. As William Tailer, the executor named in the will, came into court on the first of May and refused to serve, it is certain that Mary (Chilton) Winslow died before May, 1679, and probably only a short time before. The original inventory is missing, and the copy has been made from Vol. XII, pp. 314, 315, of the Probate Records. The copies of the will and bond were made from the original documents." Mary Chilton Winslow Will

In the name of God Amen the thirty first day of July in the yeare of our Lord one thousand Six hundred seventy and Six I Mary Winslow of Boston in New England Widdow being weake of Body but of Sound and perfect memory praysed be almighty God for the same Knowing the uncertainety of this present life and being desirous to settle that outward Estate the Lord hath Lent me. I doe make this my last Will and Testamt in manner and forme following (that is to say)

First and principally I comend my Soule into the hands of Almighty God my Creator hopeing to receive full pardon and remission of all my sins; and Salvation through the alone merrits of Jesus Christ my redeemer: And my body to the Earth to be buried in Such Decent manner as to my Executor hereafter named shall be thought meet and convenient and as touching such worldly Estate as the Lord hath Lent me my Will and meaneing is the same shall be imployed and bestowed as hereafter in and by this my Will is Exprest.

Imps I doe hereby revoake renounce and make voide all Wills by me formerly made and declaire and apoint this my Last Will and Testamt Item I will that all the Debts that I Justly owe to any manner of person or persons whatsoever shall be well and truely paid or ordained to be paid in convenient time after my decease by my Executor hereafter named —

Item I give and bequeath unto my Sone John Winslow my great Square table Item I give and bequeath unto my Daughter Sarah Middlecott my Best" owne and Pettecoat and my Silver beare bowle and to each of her children a Silver Cup with an handle: Also I give unto my grandchild William Paine my Great silver tankard: Item I give unto my Daughter Susanna Latham my long Table: Six Joyned Stooles and my great Cupboard: a bedstead Bedd and furniture there unto belonging that is in the Chamber over the roome where I now Lye; my small silver Tankard: Six Silver Spoones, a case of Bottles with all my wearing apparell: (except onely what I have hereby bequeathed unto my Daughter Mddlecott & my Grandchild Susanna Latham :) Item I give and bequeath unto my Grandchild Ann Gray that trunke of Linning that I have already delivered to her and is in her possession and also one Bedstead, Bedd Boulster and Pillows that are in the Chamber over the Hall: Also the sume of ten pounds in mony to be paid unto her within Six months next after my decease: Also my will is that my Executor shall pay foure pounds in mony pr ann for three yeares unto Mrs Tappin out of the Intrest of my mony now in Goodman Cleares hands for and towards the maintenance of the said Ann Gray according to my agreemt with Mrs Tappin: Item I give and bequeath unto Mary Winslow Daughter of my sone Edward Winslow my largest Silver Cupp with two handles: and unto Sarah Daughter of the said Edward my lesser Silver cupp with two handles: Also I give unto my Said Sone Edwards Children Six Silver Spoones to be divided between them: Item I give and bequeath unto my grandchild Parnell Winslow the Sume of five pounds in mony to be improved by my Executor untill he come of age: and then paid unto him with the improvemt Item I give & bequeath unto My grandchild Chilton Latham the sum of five pounds in mony to be improved for him untill he come of Age and then paid to him with the improvemt Item my will is that the rest of my spoones be divided among my grandchildren according to the discression of My Daughter Middlecott: Item I give unto my Grandchild Mercy Harris my White Rugg: Item I give unto my Grandchild Mary Pollard forty shillings in mony. Item I give unto my grandchild Susanna Latham my Petty Cate with the silke Lace: Item I give unto Mary Winslow Daughter of my Sone Joseph Winslow the Sume of twenty pounds in mony to be paid out of the sume my said Sone Joseph now owes to be improved by my Executor for the said Mary and paid unto her when She Shall attaine the Age of eighteene yeares or day of Marriage which of them shall first happen Item I give and bequeath the full remainder of my Estate whatsoever it is or wheresoever it may be found unto my children Namely John Winslow Edward Winslow Joseph Winslow Samuell Winslow: Susanna Latham and Sarah Middlecott to be equally divided betweene them Item I doe hereby nominate constitute authorize and appoint my trusty friend Mr William Tailer of Boston aforesd merchant the Sole Executor of this my last Will and testamt: In Witness whereof the said Mary Winslow have hereunto set my hand and Seale the daye and yeare first above written Memorandum I do hereby also Give and bequeath unto Mr Thomas Thacher paster of the third Church in Boston the Sume of five pounds in mony to be pd convenient time after my decease by my Executr Mary Winslow M her marke (Seal)
Signed Sealed and Published by the above named Mary Winslow as her Last Will & testamt in the presence of us after the adding of foure lines as part of her will
John Lands
Ffrancis H Hacker her marke
John Hayward scr
Mr Wm Tailer nominatd. Execr appeared in Court pro May: 1679 and renounced his Executorship. to this will. attests. Jsa: Addington Cler.
Jno Hayward and John Lands made oath before the Honorble. Simon Bradstreet Esqr Govr and Edwd. Tyng Esqr Assist. 11th July 1679 that they did see mrs. Mary Winslow Signe and Seale and heard her publish this Instrumt to bee her last will and that then Shee was of disposeing minde to their best understanding.
attests. Jsa: Addington Cler.
24Ί July Anno: 1679.

Simon Bradstreet Esqr. Govr. }
Edw. Tyng Esqr. }
Joseph Dudley Esqr. } Assists
Humphry Davie Esqr. }
By the Honorble. Governor. and magistrates then met in Boston. power of Admcon of all and singular the goods Estate and Credits of mrs Mary Winslow late of Boston Widdow deced intestate is granted unto John Winslow and Richard Middlecott Merchts two of her sons in behalfe of themslves and others concerned they giving Security to Administer the sd Estate according to law and the declared minde of the deced annext and bringing in an Invento thereof upon Oath as attests.
Jsa: Addington Cler.
(Bond of Administrators.)
Know all men by these presents that wee John Winslow Richard Middlecott & Elisha Hutchinson all of Boston in New-England merchts are holden and stand firmly bound and obliged unto Edward Tyng Esqr Treasuror for the County of Suffolke in the Sume of ffour hundred pounds To bee paid unto the sd Treasuror his Successors in sd Office or Assignes in currant money of New-England To the true payment whereof wee do binde our Selves our heires Execrs Admrs and every of them jointly and severally firmly by these presents. Sealed with our Seales Dated in Boston this 26o July. 1679.

The Condition of this present Obligation is such that if the above bound John Winslow and Richard Middlecott do weld and truly Administer all and singular the Estate of their late mother mrs Mary Winslow Widdow deced intestate according to Law and the declared minde of the deced and shalbee accountable and responsable for the same unto the County Court for Suffolke when called thereunto then this Obligation to bee void and of no Effect or else to remain in full force and Virtue.
Signed Sealed & Delivd. John Winslow
in presence of Richard Middlecott
Jsa: Addington Cler. Elisha Hutchinson
Wee whose names are here Underwritten, being desired by mr John Winslow and mr Richard Middlecott, do apprize the Estate of mrs Mary Winslow of Boston. deced as followeth. July. 29th. 1679
£ s d
To .1. Silver beer Boule. 3£. Two Silver Cups 4£.10 7 10—
To. 1. small Silver Tankard at 4£ .10. twelve Silver Spoons .6£ 10 10
To. 1. silver caudle Cup with two eares 2 18 —
To .1. small silver Cup at . 10s . one case wth 9bottles 12s. 12 —
To .1. silke gowne and petticoate at 6 10—
To .1. gowne .6. petticoates .1: pair. body's 1.mantle .1. pair Stockins 3 15 —
To .1. Bed and boulster with fflocks and ffeathers 1 10—
To .1. close bedsteed .2. coverlits & .2. oldblankets .1. old Rugg .l. boulster .3. pillows& . 1. pr, curtains & vallents 4— —
To .2. Leather Chaires at 10s. one ffeather Bedat 4£ .5 4 15 —
To: 11. old Sheets. at .35s. one diaper TableCloth . 10s 2 5 —
To .3. old ffustian . wastcoats at — 7 6
To .22. old Napkins .7s. Six Towels .2s. — 9 —
To .11. pillowbeers — 11
To .6. Shifts at 1 18 6
To .6. white Aprons .18s. Seven . neck handkercheifs 10/6 1 8 6
To .17. Linnen .Caps 8s.6. ffourteen . headbands. 6s. — 14 6
To .3. Pocket handkercheifs .18d. one Trunke .8s — 9 6
To .1. old Chest 4s. one round Table .10s. — 14—
To .1. small cupboard 4s one small . Trunke. 18d — 5 6
To .1 pr. of small Andirons .4/6. one old warming pan 3/6 — 8—
To. 2. small brass kettles .15s. one small Ironpot & hookes .6/6 1 1 6
To .1. gridiron . 12d . one great wicker chair .7/6 — 8 6
To . 1. Close Stoole and a pan — 6 6
To .1. great elbow chaire . 2/6. one brass candlestick 15d. — 3 9
To .1. voyder . 18d. one Iron. fender. 12d — 3 6
To .1. old bedsteed — 3 —
To. 3. great pewter dishes and .20. small peicesof pewtr 2 16—
In debts by bills standing out 69——
To one halfe of the house which was formerly mr Joseph Winslows 67 ——
To .1. Spit. 2/6. one pr brass Scales .4/6 — 7 —
At mr John Winslows House
To .1. Long table and .6. joint Stooles. at 1 6—
To .1: pr. small brass Andirons — 16—
To .1. old cupboard .72. one pothanger Iron Skillet and one .pa. of Andirons. 9s. — 16—
To .9. Leather Chairs .362. one Bedsteed 6s 2 2 —
To. 1. standing cupboard .202. one great Chest. 10s 1 10 —
To .1. small table .82. two small bedsteeds. 2s — 10 —
To .3. chaires without Leathers .62. one pr. ffireIrons. 3/6. — 9 6
To . 1. Scotch. blanket .52. one pr. old stripedstuffe curtains— — 6 —
To .1. woosted Rugg .18s. one small ffeatherpillow .3s. 1 1 —
To .12. ps. of pewter and .6. plate 2 15 —
To .1. old Trunke— — 5 6
Witness or hands
John Conney. Jarvis Ballard.
mr Jno Winslow and mr Richd Middlecott admitted Admrs. made oath in Court .22. Augt. 1679. to the truth of this Inventory and wn. more doth. appeare to discover it.
Jsa. Addington Cler.

Girls on the Mayflower

While much attention is focused on the men who came on the Mayflower, few people realize and take note that there were eleven girls on board, ranging in ages from less than a year old up to about sixteen or seventeen. William Bradford wrote that one of the Pilgrim's primary concerns was that the "weak bodies" of the women and girls would not be able to handle such a long voyage at sea, and the harsh life involved in establishing a new colony. For this reason, many girls were left behind, to be sent for later after the Colony had been established. Some of the daughters left behind include Fear Brewster (age 14), Mary Warren (10), Anna Warren (8), Sarah Warren (6), Elizabeth Warren (4), Abigail Warren (2), Jane Cooke (8), Hester Cooke (1), Mary Priest (7), Sarah Priest (5), and Elizabeth and Margaret Rogers.

As it would turn out however, the girls had the strongest bodies of them all. No girls died on the Mayflower's voyage, but one man and one boy did. And the terrible first winter, twenty-five men (50%) and eight boys (36%) got sick and died, compared to only two girls (16%).

So who were these girls? One of them was under the age of one, named Humility Cooper. Her father had died, and her mother was unable to support her; so she was sent with her aunt and uncle on the Mayflower. The other young girl, who was aged two, was Damaris Hopkins. She came with her parents Stephen and Elizabeth Hopkins, and step-brother and step-sister Giles and Constance.

Isaac and Mary Allerton brought their two daughters with them. Their youngest was Mary Allerton, at the age of four, and their oldest was Remember Allerton, at the age of six. Mary and Remember Allerton may have found playmates in Mary More, aged four, and Ellen More aged eight.

Mary and Ellen's story is a little more tragic than most girls on the Mayflower. Their parents Samuel and Katherine More were from a fairly wealthy family in Shropshire, England, and went through a most bitter separation and divorce. Realizing his children would be in social disgrace because of the divorce, and wanting to punish his wife for her extramarital affair with Jacob Blakeway (who Samuel found out was the biological father of "his" children), Samuel paid to have her children sent away on the Mayflower. It does not seem too surprising to learn that the abandoned Mary and Ellen More were the two girls that died the first winter, despite being adopted into respectable families among the Pilgrims.

As for the older girls on the Mayflower: Mary Chilton, Constance Hopkins, and Elizabeth Tilley were all aged thirteen; and no doubt became good friends with one another on the two month voyage of the Mayflower. By the age of thirteen, these girls would have helped their mothers with the cooking, sewing and laundering--but there really was little "women's work" to do on the Mayflower and much of the day was spent simply trying to pass time. The voyage was long--sixty six days--and there were many storms which shook the ship violently and forced everyone to stay below deck in cramped quarters; sea sickness was a continuous problem, and would have affected many of the girls.

Mary, Constance and Elizabeth probably spent some of their time trying to avoid the hyper, aggressive and bullying Francis Billington, the 14-year-old boy who could not stay out of trouble on the Mayflower. Once, Francis even got ahold of his father's gun and shot it off inside the Mayflower, sending sparks flying everywhere and starting a fire. Francis' family was no role-model either, as his father would later be hanged for murder, and his older brother would run away into the woods and be captured by the Nauset Indians. Boys John Hooke, Samuel Fuller, and John Cooke were also about their ages, and they probably knew each other fairly well.

On November 13, 1620, just four days after the Mayflower sighted land, the women were allowed on shore for the first time, to do the much-needed laundry. Mary, Constance, and Elizabeth would have come ashore near the tip of Cape Cod and helped their mothers do the wash. They were probably the first European females to set foot in New England since Freydis, the sister of Leif Ericsson. (Freydis was in America from about 1002 to 1006 AD, on an expedition from Greenland that she herself organized and financed--nearly 500 years before Christopher Columbus!)

Finally, two long months later, on December 12, 1620, the exploring party of men had found a suitable place to build their colony; and they sent for the Mayflower, which sailed over to Plymouth Harbor on the 15th. Legend has it that the first female ashore at Plymouth was Mary Chilton.

The oldest girls on the Mayflower were fifteen, and sixteen or seventeen years old, named Desire Minter and Priscilla Mullins. Desire's father William Minter had recently died, and her mother could no longer care for her daughter financially. The Minters belonged to the Pilgrims church in Leyden, so Desire came on the Mayflower with people she had known and grown up with her entire life--but her mother stayed behind in Leyden. Desire apparently caught the eye of a young man John Howland during the voyage. He was twenty at the time, and in a couple years they would both be at marrying age; but their relationship would not go very far, because Desire decided she didn't care much for America, got sick frequently, and returned to England within a few years. John Howland later married Elizabeth Tilley, mentioned above, and named his first daughter Desire. Priscilla, the eldest girl on the Mayflower, came with her brother Joseph, and parents William and Alice. Priscilla had one little problem--she was the only girl approaching marriageable age on a ship with well over fifty young and single men--passengers and seamen alike. The Mayflower's cooper (barrel-maker), named John Alden, apparently won over Priscilla's heart--for he decided to stay in America rather than return home to England on the Mayflower. They were married a couple years later--a marriage which inspired the Henry Wadworth Longfellow poem, The Courtship of Myles Standish.

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